Category Archives: FAQs

What is the Zamboni Protocol Exactly?

CCSVI, or Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency, was coined in 2008 by Dr. Paolo Zamboni from the University of Ferrara, Italy. He identifies a technical diagnosis of CCSVI when two or more of five indicators are observed using duplex ultrasonography. These … Continue reading

What is an MRV?

Magnetic resonance venography, or MRV, is a variation of magnetic resonance angiography. Magnetic resonance angiography, or MRA, encompasses several methods based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or MRI, to create images of blood vessels. Magnetic resonance angiography is used to observe … Continue reading

What is a Doppler?

A Doppler ultrasound scan is an expansion of a normal ultrasound. Diagnostic sonography, or ultrasonography, is an imaging method that is ultrasound-based and is used to see various structures within the body, such as joints, tendons, muscles, internal organs and … Continue reading

What is Balloon Angioplasty?

Balloon Angioplasty is the primary method used during CCSVI treatment. Although the liberation treatment for MS symptoms is a relatively new theory, the method is well established. Angioplasty has been practiced in North America for over 30 years. The method … Continue reading